Amazon.com Inc. workers seeking to unionize four facilities in New York City said they now have enough signatures to call for a vote.
The labor group filed a petition Wednesday to hold a union election after failing to collect the necessary signatures in the fall. To mark the occasion, workers organized a planned demonstration in front of a giant Amazon warehouse on Staten Island, one of the four locations in the borough covered by the petition.
A spokeswoman for the U.S. National Labor Relations Board said the worker group filed the necessary paperwork Wednesday and the union cards will be reviewed in the coming days.
An Amazon spokeswoman said, “Our focus remains on listening directly to our employees and continuously improving on their behalf.”
The U.S. experienced a strong labor movement this year. Starbucks Corp. employees in Buffalo, N.Y., voted to unionize this month, becoming the first to do so in the company’s 50-year history. The coffee chain now faces a unionization push in its hometown of Seattle.
Amazon, founded by the world’s second-richest man, has long been a prime target of organized labor. The company defeated a high-profile effort in Bessemer, Ala., in April, but a federal labor official ordered Amazon to face a second election there. Worker activism at Amazon is popping up globally. On Wednesday, workers at two Chicago warehouses walked out over a pay dispute, according to TechCrunch.
A leader of the group in Staten Island is Chris Smalls, who worked at Amazon for more than four years. Amazon fired him in 2020 for what the company said was a violation of safety guidelines; Smalls said he was protesting Amazon’s inadequate COVID-19 policies. The dispute is part of an ongoing court battle between the company and New York’s attorney general.
Earlier this year, the labor group said it collected about 2,000 signatures from workers at the four Staten Island facilities where Amazon stows products and packages them for shipment to customers. The locations employ about 5,500 workers and serve as a hub to New York City.
Under federal rules, organizers must win the backing of at least 30% of employees. The group thought it had met that goal when it submitted its initial petition in October. But it withdrew the paperwork last month because, an attorney for the group said, some of the people who had signed union cards were no longer working there.
It was a fairly basic error, and yet, the grass-roots effort is seemingly on the cusp of forcing an election, a feat that took the nation’s largest unions many years to accomplish.
Workers are demanding the reinstatement of hazard pay and a permanent agreement to let employees keep their phones with them on the job. Amazon lifted the phone ban “until further notice” over the weekend after the spread of the coronavirus’ Omicron variant and a tornado that killed six workers in Edwardsville, Ill.
Bloomberg writer Spencer Soper contributed to this report.